The Relationship Between Student Perceptions of Safety and Academic Performance Article School safety has been a topic of concern for educators, parents, and researchers for decades. It is important for students to have a safe learning environment to ensure they have the best possible opportunity to succeed academically. Further, it is necessary to discuss the many factors that influence student perceptions of safety, so stakeholders can determine best practices for creating a school climate conducive to academic success. Read more… Student Fear of Violence Article Fear of violence at school is a particularly concerning issue that can lead to truancy, weapon carrying on school property, poor academic achievement, and other unfavorable outcomes.
Page 24 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Case Studies of Lethal School Violence. Understanding Lethal School Violence. The National Academies Press. However, the aim of the case studies was not to generate certain, scien- tific knowledge about the causes, consequences, and effective methods of preventing and controlling these events.
It was obvious from the start that these few cases could not support such an ambitious goal. As a scientific matter, there were too few data points to allow us to decide which of many possible explanations were true and which of many plau- sibly effective responses would actually work.
The aim instead was to use the limited experience available to develop some plausible hypoth- eses about causes and effective interventions and to check commonly held assumptions for their plausibility.
The desire to be disciplined in the development of the cases forced us to take up three important study design issues: This task had both practical and scientific elements. Congress had pro- vided some guidance to the committee on this matter by specifying eight incidents that were illustrative of the problem they considered important to take up and that might be suitable for detailed study.
The practical part of the problem, given that resources were available for only six cases, was to select from among those listed. The scientific question before the committee was to determine the general class of violence of which these eight incidents were exemplars.
It seemed important that the committee address both the spirit and the letter of the congressional request. We therefore decided initially to study incidents that had the characteristics listed in our operational defi- nition of lethal violence regardless of the nature of the community in which they occurred.
Moreover, as part of our work, we developed a dataset of all such incidents, using it as a kind of sampling frame for the set of cases and later as a way of indicating both levels and trends in this form of violence. Since much of the lethal violence among young people had occurred in inner-city schools, we assumed we would find examples of this kind of lethal violence in inner-city schools as well.
There were incidents of lethal violence in urban schools, and there were a few schools that had experienced more than one fatality in a given year. But no incidents had what seemed to be the key character- istic of multiple victimizations including fatalities occurring in the same incident.
That preliminary finding was a very important one to the committee. Several such relationships were possible. One was that the different forms of violence were the products of similar causes that played out differently in the different community contexts.
A second was that the inner-city violence had created the conditions that shaped the later suburban violence. A third possibility was that there was, in fact, little relationship between the urban violence and these new cases. The decision to take up the scientific issue of whether this was a new and unique form of lethal school violence had important implications for case selection.
It would be important to look closely at examples of lethal school violence in inner cities to determine whether the causes of such violence were similar to the causes of the newer forms of violence.
In effect, we could choose the cases to get some variation on the dependent variable: If it turned out that the antecedents to lethal school violence in inner-city schools were differ- ent from those in suburban and rural schools, then we would have some evidence pointing toward a firmer conclusion that this was a separate strain of violence.
But there was another reason to look at lethal violence in inner-city schools. A preliminary look at the data indicated that levels of overall lethal violence in inner-city schools were much higher than in suburban- rural schools and had been that way for a long period of time.
By devel- oping cases on lethal violence in inner-city schools and comparing them with lethal violence in suburban-rural schools, we could put these inci- dents under a microscope and describe the structure of the similarities and differences in the character and antecedent causes of lethal violence in different settings.
This would help us understand whether there was something about inner-city communities that made them immune to the forms of violence that hit suburban-rural schools in the late s, and whether there was something about the suburban and rural communities that seemed to protect them from the violence that struck the inner cities in the decade from to Concerns about sexual abuse in schools have grown as a result of numerous inquiries into institutional child abuse, increased public attention to sexual abuse generally, and some highly publicised cases involving teachers and other school personnel.
The project examined the programs and crime and violence trends of youthful first offender cases processed in the Palm Beach County Youth Court (PBCYC).Over the life of the project, data was examined spanning the beginning of youth court cases in , to the final data year of , for a total of 16, cases.
Mar 16, · "In these cases, the violence in the school is a reflection of the fact that the schools are embedded in communities with higher crime rates," Brock says.
"We should acknowledge that they have a. 19PART I: CASE STUDIES OF LETHAL SCHOOL VIOLENCE question of what the relationship might actually be between the form of lethal school violence that was concentrated in inner-city schools and the seemingly newer form of lethal school violence that erupted in suburban schools in the late s.
May 14, · Anna Shepherd, chairwoman of the Metro Nashville Board of Education, said board members were unaware of the number of sexual misconduct cases in Nashville's elementary, middle and high schools. Number and percentage of public schools reporting incidents of crime that occurred at school, the number of incidents, and the rate This report presents findings on crime and violence in U.S.
public schools, 1. using data from the –10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS). A nonresponse bias analysis was performed.